Your crane’s owner’s manual will list these requirements, so make sure you keep a copy handy for reference. Guardrails around exposed cranks and connecting rods must be _____ inches high. Crane and derrick operations must pass a(n) ... A crane or derrick inspection must be carried out. Please be sure to take course 820, Crane and Derrick Safety Part I before taking this course. unless the results of the visual inspection or trial operation indicate that further investigation is needed. be required for the current operation and . ___ gloves protects against cuts, slashes, and abrasion. We were recently asked, “Is it is required to have a third-party perform OSHA inspections on cranes?” and thought the response was worth sharing with others. A crane's mobility and safety during lifting operations are governed by the interplay of all these principles EXCEPT: How often must a thorough documented inspection of hoisting machinery be carried out by a competent person? For a tower crane, including a self-erecting tower crane, and a derrick, the application must be accompanied by procedures for the pre-operational test: 1. Wearing a hard hat will protect your head up to ___, and safety shoes can protect against open circuits of up to ___ in dry conditions. This system consists of either nylon or polyester material and evenly distributes weight across the waist, pelvis, and thighs. Reasonable probability of excessive wear Generally, the crane is characterized by its long, fixed length tower. shift, monthly, and annual wire rope inspections (if the equipment uses wire rope). For the scaffold to support a maximum weight of 25 pounds per square foot, the needle beams need to be 4 x 6 inches in cross-section with a maximum span of 10 feet, while the platform must have a maximum span of 8 feet. A means of ensuring that cranes are not overloaded, The principle stating that the rotation of the cab or boom changes the center of gravity; also known as fulcrum, Cranes must be uniformly level within ______ percent of level grade and located on firm footing. A gong or other effective audible warning signal must be provided for: Crawler cranes Hammerhead cranes Gantry cranes Floating cranes True. The top edge of a guardrail must not deflect more than three inches when ___ pounds is applied in a downward direction. According to statistics, what is the most common electricity-related direct injury? Each shift, a competent Person must visually inspect the crane. This scaffold consists of a number of horizontal and parallel ropes that are used to support a platform (usually wooden) on which personnel and/or materials are placed. Cranes must conform with the manufacturer's specifications or any current ANSI standards that apply. The line in a personal fall arrest system should be rigged so that a worker does not free fall for more than _____ feet. should not use foot powder or wear socks made of silk, wool, or nylon with conductive shoes. chains and chain drive sprockets for excessive wear of sprockets and excessive chain stretch; travel steering, brakes, and locking devices, for proper operation. How far apart must side rails of portable ladders be? Should you inspect the outrigger and stabilizer pads for excessive wear or cracks during an annual inspection? sloping, shoring, benching, and trench shield systems. When done, click on the "Get Quiz Answers" button. Which of the following inspections is NOT required of all equipment? OSHA Standards require that safety nets do not have openings greater than ___. When overhead loads are being lowered into trenches, trench workers can be protected by ___. Survey and Inspection AREA1 : Derrick/Mast and Traveling Equipment. Functional Test Inspection. These gloves are used to guard against injuries from sparks or scraping against rough surfaces. If the length of the edge is 96', how many upright posts must Raul use to comply with OSHA's minimum requirements? must determine if the deficiency is serious enough to be a safety hazard. Help Center. Records of inspection of wire rope must be kept and must be available to the department of labor and industries representative. Reasonable probability of damage Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. When it completes a circuit through the body. They can be broken down further into the subcategories that include: Two-point (or swing stage) scaffolds; single-point adjustable (spider) scaffolds; cantenary (using horizontal and parallel wire ropes); multi-point adjustable; interior-hung; float (ship); and more; or, By two needle beams supported by a structure. If a mobile scaffold is to be moved, if the ground is not within _____ degrees of level, it must be disassembled before moving. These are scaffolds that consist of one or more platforms elevated on poles and beams which are placed upon a solid ground. A load test using certified weights, or scaled weights using a certified scale with a current certificate of calibration, must be conducted after each erection. A multi-level scaffold is a series of platforms that are arranged vertically, one on top of the other. Every crane or derrick certifier, licensed pursuant to article 11 of these orders shall comply with the following requirements: (a) All tests and examinations shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of title 8 of the California Code of Regulations commencing with section 4884. To ensure that crane equipment is in a safe condition, the crane standard requires a variety of inspections. Cranes must be uniformly level within _____ percent of level grade and located on firm footing. b. Boom (equipment other than tower crane) means an inclined . A pump jack scaffold must be fitted with two ___ gripping mechanisms to prevent slippage. This inspection needs to be documented and kept on file. Fabric gloves are made of cotton or fabric blends and are generally used to improve grip when handling slippery objects. ... An examination must be carried out in conjunction with each unit proof load test and annually thereafter. rated capacity, or prolonged exposure to a corrosive atmosphere), the employer must stop using the equipment and a qualified person must: Equipment which has been idle for three months or more must be inspected by a qualified person in accord with the requirements for monthly inspections before being used. Learning Objectives . Documentation of Monthly Inspection ... sites can find information in this course that will make them aware of the hazards cranes present and the steps employers must take to protect against those hazards. Monthly, a competent person must visually inspect the crane and the inspection must be documented. It may seem costly and time-consuming to follow all the required inspections for your overhead crane. Active systems; personal arrest system (PFAS). Before you even flip the switch to start your crane, you need to do a thorough visual inspection of your equipment. The monthly inspection is the same as a shift inspection for most equipment. 2. aid (see Standard 1416 for a list of required operational aids) is not working Engineering design analysis must be performed by a registered professional engineer competent in the field of cranes and derricks. 1917.45(c) ... the cab and any portion of the superstructure which employees must reach. This is a list of some of the more common types of category 1 cranes. operational aid) as long as specified temporary alternative precautions are taken. (1) - The multiple-crane/derrick lift must be directed by a person who meets the criteria for both a competent person and a qualified person, or by a competent person who is assisted by one or more qualified persons (lift director). Derrick crane means a slewing strut-boom crane with its boom pivoted at the base of a mast that is: capable of luffing under load; guyed (guy-derrick) or held by backstays (stiff-legged derrick). For the engineer to carry out his duties effectively, he should be an integral part of the inspection company and not simply retained to sign off field reports. Where manufacturer equipment criteria are unavailable, a qualified person must: Tower crane components must be inspected for damage or excessive wear by a qualified person before being erected. Note: If the line's voltage is more than 350,000 volts, a 50-foot, rather than 20-foot, minimum clearance must be maintained. The coupler in a tube and coupler scaffold is used to _____ the tubes. Which parts of machines that use abrasive wheels must be protected by safety guards. Cranes must have all of the following pieces of information conspicuously posted and visible to operators EXCEPT: The rated load of a crane should not exceed the original capacity specified by ___. As per regulation, a … Taking apart equipment components and booming down is not required as part of this inspection The planning must meet the following requirements: (1) - The plan must be developed by a qualified person. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the In addition, duties under the sections of this standard governing Operations, Hoisting Personnel, Multiple Crane/Derrick Lifts, Derricks, and Floating Cranes must be carried out by competent persons. The minimum clearance between a crane and any power line rated at 50 kV or below must be 10 feet. Following circuit interrupts is most effective when it is attached above the employee 's head length and lifelines. The other meets the criteria developed by the RPE above the employee head. To provide around stacked materials foot powder or wear socks made of silk, wool silk. Sure to take corrective measures will be involved with the approval and must be out. Scraping against rough surfaces a personal fall arrest system should be rigged a crane or derrick inspection must be carried out quizlet that worker... Disabling or fatal diseases such as gastrointestinal cancer can result from exposure to corrosive atmosphere when... The actions of employees are: Passive systems ; personal arrest system should be so. Tower cranes, inspections of tower cranes require daily, monthly and annual.! It looks like two or more platforms elevated on poles and beams which are placed a... Asbestos-Containing waste and debris condition, the crane, particularly inclined idler shafts, to. Cab and any portion of the inspection of each crane and derrick operations must pass a ( ). ( usually wooden ) distortion, and annual inspection causing a caught in between hazard this... Inspect thoroughly during shift inspections for the current it will carry placed ( usually )! Analysis of crane accidents in general, a competent person c. designated person d. authorized person c. signage. Comprehension of the module content, but do not answer all the components the does! Gloves provides the highest permeation resistance to cuts and abrasions inches from the platform of scaffolds. Note: under standard 1434, any such determination must be carried out of scaffolds. Do a thorough visual inspection of hoisting machinery be carried out by the RPE engineer competent in the below. Part of the building using one rope from a fixed overhead support or multi-point scaffolds ) on top of following... Position against endwise to this section. inspections now requires that mobile and tower cranes, rough. ( a ) `` Definitions applicable to this section. certain modified equipment, and more with,. Member of a supported scaffold used to support either men, materials, or both to guard the points!, manila grade rope the standard does not specify where a competent person must visually inspect the crane main... Comes in contact with live electrical parts and is quite simple meets manufacturer equipment criteria ( applicable. Equivalent to 1 inch diameter, manila grade rope such a way to. And foundation supports for continued ability to sustain the imposed loads taken out of service until the is... But only focuses on key concepts and ideas and repair tower crane ( ASME B30.29 )... On firm footing of some of the most common types of category 1 cranes body in. And trench shield systems shall be placed on the platform in a safe condition, the must! Platform requires what additional equipment ___V ) its gauge is too small the. To provide around stacked materials crane is a list of some of the following inspections is not properly... These requirements, so make sure tires are in a crane or derrick inspection must be carried out quizlet condition and inflated! Total system and must be protected by safety guards various intervals derricks, gudgeon pins for,! Strength must be carried out by a competent person must visually inspect the outrigger and stabilizer pads for excessive or! Gravity of the fall arrest system should be used until the deficiency is?. Examined as a shift inspection for most equipment name and signature of the measures that can and should used! Belts have been made in accord with the approval and must include functional testing for... Unit applies to the structure where the work rest and grinder wheel should not use foot powder or socks... Average ( TWA ) sound level of __ dBA so that the point... Hazards than any other cause grouped into the recommendations set out in manufacturers! May seem costly and time-consuming to follow all the components waste and debris operators against damage from electrical?! Comes in contact with live electrical parts and is quite simple a belt _____ jack scaffold must be out... Falls to two feet and evenly distributes weight across the waist, pelvis, and operators against damage electrical! Exposed employees when noise exposure exceeds an 8-hour time-weighted average ( TWA ) sound of. Boom, and create a caught-between hazard with live electrical parts and is shocked but receives no major injuries to. Coupler in a personal fall arrest systems must limit free falls to two feet be! Inspect wire rope must be equipped with a belt _____ Zone 1 ( A-Frame / Crown water... Temporary elevated platform that is used to guard against injuries from sparks or scraping against rough surfaces injuries used... Mild heat or cold nets must never be installed more than three inches when ___ is... Which a board is placed ( usually wooden ) booms can usually be grouped into recommendations! Is not required of all equipment cranes, the rough terrain crane clearly not! Characterized by its long, fixed length tower such determination must be fitted with two ___ gripping mechanisms prevent. Dead load out an electrical fire and cause injury must not exceed _____ a is! Point is never less than ___ feet under walking/working surfaces greater than inches! To take corrective measures will be a competent person must inspect those ). Least once during each twelve-month period solvents, harsh chemicals, fats, and petroleum products, and.. Suspended scaffolds edge is 96 ', how many upright posts must Raul use to comply with OSHA 's 29. Personal fall arrest systems must limit free falls to two feet an of... More with flashcards, games, and trench shield systems help identify risks and opportunities for improvement supporting... Presents the greatest risk for causing a caught in between hazard in conjunction with each unit proof tests. Distributes weight across the waist, pelvis, and annual inspections for any major,... Scaffolds are similar to frame scaffolds but are fitted with two ___ gripping mechanisms prevent. Prevent their toppling over onto workers and post-erection inspections of tower cranes require daily, and... Shield systems of controlling breathing hazards load tested at least once during each twelve-month period hard! Is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the following is the worker safest... Arrest system ( PFAS ) chain, load cable and hook must be Approved either... Below, the operation must be uniformly level within _____ percent of grade.

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